Pegaso, a true comet in the automotive galaxy, was one of only two rare examples of Spanish mechanical genius. Born out of Franco's political will, the marque's career would prove to be as suppressed as the political culture of the time - especially as far as its sporting career was concerned. Despite a sense of unfulfilled potential hanging over the constructor's history, there were still a number of remarkable technical successes, of which the most exceptional was the Z102 B.
A native of Barcelona, Wilfredo Ricart was already one of his country's greatest mechanical engineers when he left Alfa Romeo in 1945, having worked with Gioacchino Colombo on the V16 engine Tipo 162 and the single seat mid-engine Tipo 512. By 1946, he had founded the Technical Automobile Research Center (CETA). This would suit the economic ambitions of Franco, who wanted to create a national automobile construction company, particularly for trucks and utility vehicles. The ENASA (Empresa Nacional de Autocamiones SA) would see the light of day around the same time and would be set up in the old Hispano-Suiza factories.
The company started by commercializing its vehicles under the name of Pegaso, naturally a horse as its emblem. Wilfredo Ricart started to work on the project of motorizing the country and, in parallel, launched a research center exclusively for the conception of a touring automobile.
To be continued...